Upheaval : Turning Points for Nations in Crisis
by Diamond, Jared







Prologue: Legacies of Cocoanut Grove3(24)
Two stories
What's a crisis?
Individual and national crises
What this book is and isn't
Plan of the book
PART 1 INDIVIDUALS
Chapter 1 Personal Crises
27(30)
A personal crisis
Trajectories
Dealing with crises
Factors related to outcomes
National crises
PART 2 NATIONS: CRISES THAT UNFOLDED
Chapter 2 Finland's War with the Soviet Union
57(44)
Visiting Finland
Language
Finland until 1939
The Winter War
The Winter War's end
The Continuation War
After 1945
Walking a tightrope
Finlandization
Crisis framework
Chapter 3 The Origins of Modern Japan
101(40)
My Japanese connections
Japan before 1853
Perry
1853 to 1868
The Meiji Era
Meiji reforms
"Westernization"
Overseas expansion
Crisis framework
Questions
Chapter 4 A Chile for All Chileans
141(38)
Visiting Chile
Chile until 1970
Allende
The coup and Pinochet
Economics until "No!"
After Pinochet
Pinochet's shadow
Crisis framework
Returning to Chile
Chapter 5 Indonesia, the Rise of a New Country
179(38)
In a hotel
Indonesia's background
The colonial era
Independence
Sukarno
Coup
Mass murder
Suharto
Suharto's legacies
Crisis framework
Returning to Indonesia
Chapter 6 Rebuilding Germany
217(38)
Germany in 1945
1945 to 1961
Germans holding judgment
1968
1968's aftermath
Brandt and re-unification
Geographic constraints
Self-pity?
Leaders and realism
Crisis framework
Chapter 7 Australia: Who Are We?
255(38)
Visiting Australia
First Fleet and Aborigines
Early immigrants
Towards self-government
Federation
Keeping them out
World War One
World War Two
Loosening the ties
The end of White Australia
Crisis framework
PART 3 NATIONS AND THE WORLD: CRISES UNDERWAY
Chapter 8 What Lies Ahead for Japan?
293(32)
Japan today
Economy
Advantages
Government debt
Women
Babies
Old and declining
Immigration
China and Korea
Natural resource management
Crisis framework
Chapter 9 What Lies Ahead for the United States? Strengths, and the Biggest Problem
325(32)
The U.S. today
Wealth
Geography
Advantages of democracy
Other advantages
Political polarization
Why?
Other polarization
Chapter 10 What Lies Ahead for the United States? Three "Other" Problems
357(26)
Other problems
Elections
Inequality and immobility
So what?
Investing in the future
Crisis framework
Chapter 11 What Lies Ahead for the World?
383(81)
The world today
Nuclear weapons
Climate change
Fossil fuels
Alternative energy sources
Other natural resources
Inequality
Crisis framework
Epilogue: Lessons, Questions, and Outlook
423(41)
Predictive factors
Are crises necessary?
Roles of leaders in history
Roles of specific leaders
What next?
Lessons for the future
Acknowledgments464(2)
Illustration Credits466(4)
Further Readings470(15)
Index485(16)
About the Author501


Offers a new theory of how and why some nations recover from national trauma and others do not.





Jared Diamond, a noted polymath, is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among his many awards are the U.S. National Medal of Science, Japan's Cosmos Prize, a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, a Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction, and election to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. He is the author of the international best-selling books Guns, Germs, and Steel, Collapse, Why Is Sex Fun?, The World until Yesterday, and The Third Chimpanzee, and is the presenter of TV documentary series based on three of those books.





A new comparative study by big-picture thinker Diamond (The World until Yesterday, 2013) uses concepts from the treatment of psychological trauma to discuss nations in crisis. He examines seven historic examples, including Meiji Japan, forced from isolation by Commodore Perry; Finland, caught between belligerent neighbors in WWII; autocracy in Pinochet's Chile; civil strife in Indonesia; and postwar rebuilding in Germany. Each is evaluated against a matrix of factors lifted from the lexicon of personal crises: awareness that one is in a crisis, including ego strength; honest self-appraisal; experience of previous crises, and flexibility. Each case history reveals salient points about selective change, or its absence, among nations, laying the groundwork for what Diamond really wants to talk about: the future of the U.S. as a nation and of the planet as a place to exist. It's a cogent discussion and a plea for perspective; some of today's crises have been weathered before. Diamond attributes his new focus on national psychology to his wife, UCLA clinical psychiatrist Marie Cohen, and, in spite of its rather formal presentation, this is notably a more personal work for Diamond, who shares his experience with each country studied, folding in anecdotes and impressions.HIGH-DEMAND BACKSTORY: Given Diamond's media visibility and the enormous popularity of his earlier works, this will be avidly requested. Copyright 2019 Booklist Reviews.





The MacArthur fellow and Pulitzer Prize winner looks at how societies respond to crises.A crisis is a turning point, a time when decision and action are necessary. As Diamond (Geography/UCLA; The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies?, 2012, etc.) puts it, it is a "moment of truth" that calls on us to cope. We do so as individuals following such adaptations as we are able to draw on, including recognizing that there's a problem, being honest in appraising where the fault lies and what can be done, and then drawing on flexibility and intelligence to work things out. So it is with societies. Diamond astutely examines seven turning points in the history of the world, some of them little known-e.g., the Winter War between Russian and Finland, which briefly pushed Finland into the Nazi camp and involved a humiliating defeat first for the Soviets and then for the Finns. Nations "do or don't undertake honest self-appraisal," writes the author: The Russians scarcely acknowledge a war that remains strong in Finnish history, just as Germany, the epicenter of Nazism, at first tried to brush aside that history and then became the first among nations in acknowledging guilt and making sure such crimes would not be repeated. For its part, Japan has not adequately owned up to the historical chain that made it into a modern nation and then a brutal imperial power, while the United States has yet to reckon with the crisis of slavery, racial enmity, and civil war. Diamond seeks commonalities and distinctions. In his case studies, only Indonesia lacks a strong sense of national identity, which is explainable given its rather recent emergence as a nation and which helps explain its reluctance to work through a traumatic civil war in which millions may have died. Just so, honest self-appraisal is sometimes hard to come by, as when modern Americans shun scientific reasoning, "a very bad portent, because science is basically just the accurate description and understanding of the real world." Vintage Diamond; of a piece with Collapse (2004) and likely to appeal to the same broad audience. Copyright Kirkus 2019 Kirkus/BPI Communications. All rights reserved.






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